Measuring Site Speed
Every site owner wants to increase their sites speed and drive traffic. There are various factors that determine your search engine rankings and the time it takes to load (site speed) is definitely one of them. Most site visitors wait for less than two seconds for the site to load. If it takes more than two seconds they will grow impatient and move on. Site speed is a a huge factor for user experience. Below are some tools you can use to measure site speed, and different way to increase it.
Tools for measuring site speed
Google page speed insight
Speed insight is one of the best tools for measuring site speed and determining its load time. Just go here https://developers.google.com/speed/pagespeed/ and yype the URL you want to measure into the on screen box and click on the analyze button to get the results. The scores on the PageSpeed ranges from 0-100 points; if the score is 85 and above then your site is performing fairly well. PageSpeed helps to determine how the page can improve its performance on time it takes for full page load, and time to above the fold load. You will also get advice on solving page speed issues.
GTMetrix is another tool that helps to measure site speeds. It is used to figure out how long a link/page takes to load. Just go to this URL https://gtmetrix.com/ and type the URL into the on screen box then click on the ‘go’ button. You will get a report on different aspects of the site load times. The great thing about GETmetrix is it offer the finding from several tools such as Google Page, Yslow all in one place.
Pingdom features a site speed test tool. To use this tool, enter your URL in the on screen box, click on test now. You get a report divided into various sections (a performance grade, page analysis and waterfall analysis. It also assists in determining the most important causes of site slowdown and how to solve them.
Improving your sites speed
Streamline the homepage to make your site faster
How fast your site speed is determines your site traffic and success. How do you increase your site speed? Most site users would not wait for more than two minutes for something to load. Thus speeding your site is very critical. Not only will it lead to higher Google ranking but will also increase your profits. The following are ways you can streamline the homepage to make your site faster;
Minimizing HTTP Requests
The more the page contents the longer it takes to load. Therefore the quickest way to speed up your page speed is simplifying your page design. Let go some images or use CSS instead of them, also you can modify some scripts and put them on the page bottom.
Large pages (100kb or more) are usually bulky and very slow to download. The best way to increase the loading speed in such cases is enabling compression. Compression reduces HTTP response due to reduction of pages bandwidth. Gzip is the best tool for compressing your pages
Reduce server response time
You should target to have a serve response time of less than 200 milliseconds. If you use a web monitoring solution you will achieve your target. You can also keep checking for bottlenecks in performance. You can use Yslow or PageSpeed tools from Google to achieve this.
Large image size might cause your site to slow; hence it is very crucial to optimize your image to a better size. Figure out what your imagine size is then compress it to a smaller size. You can use a tool like EWWW Image Optimizer which automatically optimizes your images as you load them to your website. The good thing about this tool is that it can also optimize previously uploaded images. EWWW has the ability to convert your images to file format with smallest size images. This will greatly help in increasing your site speed.
Word press optimization
WordPress optimization is the best way to boost your site speed and performance. Nothing improves user experience and increases your page views like fast loading pages. To increase the speed you can either optimize the images for speed or install a WordPress Caching Plugin. As more people visits your site, your site might slow down. Thus it is recommended to install Caching. How does a Caching work? Instead of loading the whole page every time new users request it, a Caching makes a copy of the page after the initial load and then serves the version to every subsequent site user.
Database optimization is another way to effect site spped. To keep your site speed as fast as possible, you need to keep an eye on your post trash, post revisions, pages comment or any kind of unwanted data. Too much stale data on your site can cause slow loading,
Upgrade to PHP 7
Upgrading to PHP 7 would be a good idea for your site. This version has great features, huge performance improvements, free to use and better security. What are the benefits of upgrading to PHP 7? The following are advantages of upgrading to PHP 7;
- Improved performance
- Great password hashing features
- Built in web server for testing purposes
- Improves your site speed
CDN is a crucial component for any serious site. What is CDN? CDN is a global web server whose main purpose is to provide highly available content and faster delivery. This helps in preventing delay as the user is provided with the content he/she need at any given time or place. With CDN the content is replicated so that it may exist in several places at the same time. This is the way Amazon, Cloudflare and other services work.
Minify CSS and JS
Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMPs) has been associated with fast site speed and higher ranking for some time now. AMP is an open sourced coding standard for publishers with an aim to help them to be able to load their site as quick as possible on mobiles.
Caching is one of the best ways to make your WordPress site speed fast. Caching effectively decreases your server’s load time by creating static and HTML files and saving them for future use. Caching is done in two ways browser caching and WordPress caching. WordPress caching is configured on your WordPress website via the use of a caching plug-in.
When lazy loading is done right it can speed up your site speed. Every website visitor wants a lightning- fast website, and in case the site speed is very slow your visitors will grow impatient and seek help from other similar sites. To be able to retain visitors and drive traffic to your site you need to come up with ways of increasing your site speed.
What is lazy loading? Lazy is the situation whereby the site owner does not load resource on to his page until a user requires them. For instance you have a landing page-style homepage, which features numerous images and several videos as well. What happens with lazy loading the visitor will not view all the images once they load the page. Instead of loading these resources right away, the images will be loaded once the visitor scrolls down looking for them.
The first step to increasing your site speed is perfect web hosting. Although there other factors that determine your website speed, good hosting foundations will be the initial step to optimizing your site speed. There is more than one way to host your WordPress website. Here are the four main types of hosting plan:
- Shared Hosting
What is shared hosting? Shared web hosting is when numerous websites share a single large server. This is the most economical web hosting option. Web hosting companies are able to provide the needed services at an affordable price.
- Virtual Private Server (VPS)
VPS is partitioned so that it owns its’ own disc space, operating system and bandwidth. VPS hosting is done using a physical server that resides in a data center. To create private virtual server the server is divided into various spaces. You as the account holder you will only be able to see your own virtual environment and you can use your server as if it is your own dedicated server.
Dedicated server is a perfect solution for high traffic websites and large businesses. It is everything you need to optimize and maximize the hosting experience for both you and your visitors. Dedicated hosting features a hosting control panel.
- Managed Hosting
This is when web host takes care of the server operation, hence you don’t have to. Managed hosting would be a perfect option if you have limited time or you lack IT knowledge.